Acculturation influences Smoking Cessation

Published on December 7th, 2009 15:03
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Smoking cessation many times depends of smoker nationality. For example researchers found recently that Latino men who are more adapted to U.S. culture are more likely to quit smoking than their less-acculturated counterparts.

The researchers found that acculturation has no effect on the likelihood of Latinas quitting smoking. They studied of 271 Latino smokers who called a Spanish-language smoking cessation, and were examined the influence of gender and indicators of acculturation on the capacity to quit smoking, the number of years spent in the United States, along with English preference for watching news and television programs, were positively connected to smoking cessation for men.

They also examined six acculturation factors: years in the United States, proportion of life lived in the United States, immigrant/non-immigrant status, language spoken at home, language spoken at work, and preferred media language.

At the end of investigation researchers found no acculturation impact for women, and important effects for men in years and life proportion spent in the United States and preference for English as the media language. For example, men who had been in the country for up to five years had about 20 percent abstinence rate at the three-month follow-up point after participating in the Quitline program. But more than 35 percent of men who had been in the U.S. for 23-76 years abstained. And also researchers found that those who liked to view news and interesting events mainly or exclusively in English had a 48 percent abstinence rate after three months, while 20 percent of those who preferred Spanish were still not smoking cigarettes.

Yessenia Castro, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in M. D. Anderson’s Department of Health Disparities Research, explained: “Successful tobacco control efforts must introduce an additional effort on reaching Latinos and other underserved groups who have big difficulty quitting and less access to pharmacological or behavioral treatment. Our findings show that smoking cessation outreach to Latinos also needs to take into account male smokers who have lived in the United States, even for short periods and who prefer Spanish.”

Researchers sustained that maybe cultural adaptation affects smoking indirectly by influencing other important variables, such as levels of stress, social support, and feelings of ability or depression. “It’s critically important for us to understand the processes by which acculturation affects smoking. It’s these inconstancies that can and should be targeted in treatment,” Castro added.

In general researchers hope that improving knowledge in these areas can help discover the treatment targets which will improve current smoking cessation interventions and eventually help in ignoring smoking-related health disparities among Latinos. This information can be used to guide tobacco control efforts and media campaigns. About acculturation effect in smoking prevalence was known from earlier studies too, but those studies didn’t found it effects on smoking cessation.

By Kevin Lawson, Staff Writer. Copyright © 2010 TobaccoPub. All rights reserved.

Related tags: smoking cessation | smokers | tobacco control | cigarette | smoking habit | secondhand smoking

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